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Paid Family Leave Out of Biden's Bill  10/28 06:04

   Top Democrats signaled a deal is within reach on President Joe Biden's big 
domestic bill, but momentum fizzled and tempers flared as a paid family leave 
proposal fell out and a billionaires' tax appeared scrapped, mostly to satisfy 
a pivotal member of the 50-50 Senate.

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- Top Democrats signaled a deal is within reach on 
President Joe Biden's big domestic bill, but momentum fizzled and tempers 
flared as a paid family leave proposal fell out and a billionaires' tax 
appeared scrapped, mostly to satisfy a pivotal member of the 50-50 Senate.

   With his signature domestic initiative at stake, Biden will head to Capitol 
Hill on Thursday morning to urge Democratic lawmakers to bring talks on the 
social services and climate change bill "over the finish line" before he 
departs for global summits overseas.

   Still in the mix: expanded health care programs, free pre-kindergarten and 
some $500 billion to tackle climate change remain in what's now at least a 
$1.75 trillion package.

   And Democrats are eyeing a new surcharge on the wealthy -- 5% on incomes 
above $10 million and an additional 3% on those beyond $25 million -- to help 
pay for it, according to a person who insisted on anonymity to discuss the 
private talks.

   "They're all within our reach. Let's bring these bills over the finish 
line." Biden tweeted late Wednesday.

   To help push lawmakers toward that goal, Biden will speak Thursday morning 
to the House Democratic Caucus, a person familiar with the plan told The 
Associated Press on the condition of anonymity. Besides pressing for important 
party priorities, the president was hoping to show foreign leaders the U.S. was 
getting things done under his administration.

   The administration was assessing the situation "hour by hour," White House 
press secretary Jen Psaki said.

   It was a fast-moving day on Capitol Hill that started upbeat as House 
Speaker Nancy Pelosi declared that Democrats were in "pretty good shape." But 
hopes quickly faded as Biden's big proposal ran into stubborn new setbacks, 
chief among them how to pay for it all.

   A just-proposed tax on billionaires could be scrapped after Democratic Sen. 
Joe Manchin of West Virginia objected, according to a senior party aide, who 
insisted on anonymity to discuss the private talks.

   The billionaires' tax proposal had been designed to win over another 
Democratic holdout, Sen. Kyrsten Sinema of Arizona, but Manchin panned it as 
unfairly targeting the wealthy, leaving Democrats at odds.

   "People in the stratosphere, rather than trying to penalize, we ought to be 
pleased that this country is able to produce the wealth," Manchin told 

   Manchin said he prefers a minimum 15% flat "patriotic tax" to ensure the 
wealthiest Americans don't skip out on paying any taxes. Nevertheless, he said: 
"We need to move forward."

   Next to fall was a proposed paid family leave program that was already being 
chiseled back from 12 to four weeks to satisfy Manchin. But with his 
objections, it was unlikely to be included in the bill, the person said.

   Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand, D-N.Y., had devised several new options for 
Manchin's review and told reporters late in the evening, "It's not over until 
it's over."

   Together, Manchin's and Sinema's objections packed a one-two punch, throwing 
Biden's overall plan into flux, halving what had been a $3.5 trillion package, 
and infuriating colleagues along the way.

   In the evenly divided Senate, Biden needs all Democrats' support with no 
votes to spare.

   White House officials met at the Capitol with Manchin and Sinema, two 
senators who now hold enormous power, essentially deciding whether or not Biden 
will be able to deliver on the Democrats' major campaign promises.

   "Making progress," Sinema said as she dashed into an elevator.

   A Sunday deadline loomed for approving a smaller, bipartisan 
roads-and-bridges infrastructure bill or risk allowing funds for routine 
transportation programs to expire. But that $1 trillion bill has been held up 
by progressive lawmakers who are refusing to give their support without the 
bigger Biden deal.

   Despite a series of deadlines, Democrats have been unable to close the deal 
among themselves, and Republicans overwhelmingly oppose the package. At best, 
Democrats could potentially reach a framework Thursday that could send Biden 
overseas with a deal in hand and unlock the process while the final details 
were sewn up.

   Applying pressure, Pelosi announced a Thursday committee hearing to spur the 
Biden package along toward a full House vote, though timing remained uncertain.

   Democrats had hoped the unveiling of the billionaires tax Wednesday could 
help resolve the revenue side of the equation after Sinema rejected the party's 
earlier idea of reversing Trump-era tax breaks on corporations and the wealthy, 
those earning more than $400,000.

   The new billionaires' proposal would tax the gains of those with more than 
$1 billion in assets or incomes of more than $100 million over three 
consecutive years -- fewer than 800 people -- requiring them pay taxes on the 
gains of stocks and other tradeable assets, rather than waiting until holdings 
are sold.

   The billionaires' tax rate would align with the capital gains rate, now 
23.8%. Democrats have said it could raise $200 billion in revenue that could 
help fund Biden's package over 10 years.

   Republicans have derided the billionaires' tax as "harebrained," and some 
have suggested it would face a legal challenge.

   But Democratic Sen. Ron Wyden of Oregon, chairman of the Senate Finance 
Committee, insisted the billionaires tax remains on the table.

   "I've not heard a single United States senator -- not one -- get up and say, 
'Gee, I think it's just fun that billionaires pay little or nothing for years 
on end,'" Wyden said.

   More likely in the mix was the companion proposal, a new 15% corporate 
minimum tax, as well as the new surtax being proposed on higher incomes above 
$10 million.

   Together they are designed to fulfill Biden's desire for the wealthy and big 
business to pay their "fair share." They also fit his promise that no new taxes 
hit those earning less than $400,000 a year, or $450,000 for couples. Biden 
wants his package fully paid for without piling on debt.

   Resolving the revenue side has been crucial, as lawmakers figure out how 
much money will be available to spend on the new health, child care and climate 
change programs in Biden's big plan.

   Among Democrats, Rep. Richard Neal of Massachusetts, the chairman of the 
Ways and Means Committee, said he told Wyden the billionaires' tax may be 
difficult to implement. Despite Sinema's opposition, he expects Democrats to 
stick with the approach his panel took in simply raising rates on corporations 
and the wealthy, undoing the 2017 tax cuts.

   "There's a lot of there's a lot of angst in there over the billionaires' 
tax," Neal said.

   Under the House bill approved by Neal's panel, the top individual income tax 
rate would rise from 37% to 39.6%, on those earning more than $400,000 a year, 
or $450,000 for couples. The corporate rate would increase from 21% to 26.5%.

   The House bill also proposes a 3% surtax on the wealthiest Americans with 
adjusted income beyond $5 million a year, and Neal suggested that could be 
raised to $10 million to win over the holdouts.

   Opposition from the two senators is forcing difficult reductions, if not the 
outright elimination, of policy priorities -- from child care assistance to 
dental, vision and hearing aid benefits for seniors.

   The once hefty climate change strategies are less punitive on polluters, as 
coal-state Manchin objected, focusing instead on rewarding clean energy 

   Said Sen. Bernie Sanders, the Vermont Independent: "You got 48 out of 50 
people supporting an agenda that works for the American people."

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